This week in Literacy we have been working on our own biography’s of the famous Greek king, Alexander the Great. We examined his life and tried to write biographies in the third person, past tense, with good connectives and some of our opinions. Korban, Harry, Josh F, James and Kirsten all worked hard to produce this biography.
I can write a biography of Alexander the Great
The life of Alexander the Great has been told many times and he is clearly a very famous historical figure. But what made him so great? Why is he still talked about today, over 2000 years after his death? To answer this question and many more we need to explore his life story fully.
Alexander was born in 356BC, the son of Philip II of Macedonia, this is where he grew up. When he was twenty his dad was murdered and he became king. It was potentially a problem for Alexander becoming king at such a young age because there were many enemies in the surrounding countries who thought he would be a weak king. However, Alexander was determined to prove everyone wrong.
Alexander set his sights on becoming the greatest leader in the world. We know he was serious about conquering Asia because of an incident in a temple in the town of Gordium. There was a special rope with a knot in it and it was said that whoever could untie the knot would conquer Asia. Alexander took out his sword and instead of untying the knot, cut it off instead with a single blow.
His first step was to take on the Persian empire of King Darius. He took 35,000 troops into Asia Minor to attack the Persians. His first big victory over King Darius was at the battle of the River Granicus. Over the next two years he kept defeating Darius. One of the towns he captured was near the mouth of the River Nile in Egypt. He renamed it Alexandria after himself, giving a clear indication that he was a strong leader who wanted to be known around the world.
By 331BC Alexander had continued to win more battles. Furthermore, he had King Darius on the run. After a major battle at Gaugamela in which Alexander defeated Darius and his men, the unfortunate Darius was murdered by his own people because they were disappointed by his defeats to Alexander. After this, Alexander was crowned King of Persia.
After becoming King of Persia, Alexander inherited a large, well-trained army with high morale ready to invade India. A year later the Indian King, Porus, was defeated by Alexander at the Battle of the River Hydaspes. Porus was taken prisoner, however because Alexander was a fair man and he felt Porus had fought so bravely he gave him back to his people. This was the same place that his horse, Bucephalus, died. Alexander was devastated because he felt the horse was a good luck charm in so many of his battles and had carried him through. In memory of his horse he named a town after Bucephalus.
The great leader, Alexander planned to make Babylon the capital of his new empire but before he could do this he died of a fever in 323BC. His soldiers were allowed to go through his room one by one to say farewell to the great King.
The wise King, Alexander never lost a battle and looked after his men wisely, he was named Alexander the Great. His name lives on and is shown in many places, such as the Roman mosaic in Pompeii depicting the Battle of Issus.